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What legal remedies are available to IP holders whose rights have been infringed?

An IP owner may file a criminal, civil or administrative action for trade mark, copyright or patent infringement, unfair competition and/or other violations of the IP Code. The administrative action must be filed with the Bureau of Legal Affairs of the IPO (IPO-BLA) provided the amount of damages claimed is above PHP 200 000. A civil action may also be filed with the Regional Trial Court. A criminal action may be initiated by filing a complaint with the enforcement agencies or directly with the Office of the Prosecutor of the place where the infringement was committed.

Older post: What enforcement measures can be taken to prevent or stop IP infringement?
Newer post: What procedures must be followed to request handling of IP infringement?